Should one of the Contracting Parties become engaged in
hostilities with a European Power in consequence of aggression by the
latter against that Contracting Party, the other Contracting Party will
at once give the Contracting Party engaged in hostilities all the
support and assistance in in its power.
(1) The provisions of Article 1 will also apply in the
event of any action by a European Power which clearly threatened,
directly or indirectly, the independence of one of the Contracting
Parties, and was of such a nature that the Party in question considered
it vital to resist it with its armed forces.
(2) Should one of the Contracting Powers become engaged
in hostilities with a European Power in consequence of action by that
Power which threatened the independence or neutrality of another
European State in such a way as to constitute a clear menace to the
security of that Contracting Party, the provisions of Article 1 will
apply, without prejudice, however, to the rights of the other European
Should a European Power attempt to undermine the
independence of one of the Contracting Parties by processes of economic
penetration or in any other way, the Contracting Parties will support
each other in resistance to such attempts. Should the Power concerned
thereupon embark on hostilities against one of the Contracting Parties,
the provisions of Article 1 will apply.
The methods of apply the undertakings of mutual
assistance provided for by the present Agreement are established
the competent naval, military and air authorities of the Contracting
Without prejudice to the foregoing undertaking of the
Contracting Parties to give each other mutual support and assistance
immediately on the outbreak of hostilities, they will exchange complete
and speedy information concerning any development which might threaten
their independence and, in particular, concerning any development which
threatened to call the same undertakings into operation.
(1) The Contracting Parties will communicate to each
other the terms of any undertakings of assistance against aggression
which they have already or may in future give to the States.
(2) Should either of the Contracting Parties intend to
give such an undertaking after the coming into force of the present
Agreement, the other Contracting Party shall, in order to ensure the
proper functioning of the Agreement, be informed thereof.
(3) Any new undertaking which the Contracting Parties
may enter into in future shall neither limit their obligations under
present Agreement nor indirectly create new obligations between the
Contracting Party not participating in these undertakings and the third
Should the Contracting Parties be engaged in
in consequence of the application of the present Agreement, they will
not conclude an armistice or treaty of peace except by mutual
(1) The present Agreement shall remain in force for a
period of five years.
(2) Unless denounced six months before the expiry of
this period it shall continue in force, each Contracting Party having
thereafter the right to denounce it at any time by giving six months'
notice to that effect.
(3) The present Agreement shall come into force on
In faith whereof the above-mentioned Plenipotentiaries
have signed the present Agreement and have affixed thereto their seals.
Done in English in duplicate, at London, the 25th August 1939. A Polish
text shall subsequently be agreed upon between the Contracting Parties
and both texts will then be authentic.
|(L.S.) Edward Raczynski