| The German Reich Chancellor and His Majesty the King
Italy and Albania, Emperor of Ethiopia, consider that the time has come
to confirm through a solemn pact the close relation of friendship and
affinity which exists between National Socialist Germany and Fascist
Since a secure bridge for mutual help and assistance
been established through the common boundary between Germany and Italy,
fixed for all time, the two Governments acknowledge anew the principles
and aims of the policy previously agreed upon by them, and which has
shown itself successful in furthering the interests of the two
countries as well as in ensuring the peace of Europe.
Firmly bound together through the inner unity of their
ideologies and the comprehensive solidarity of their interests, the
German and the Italian people are determined also in future to stand
side by side and to strive with united effort for the securing of their
living space and the maintenance of peace.
In this way, prescribed for them by history, Germany
Italy wish, in a world of unrest and disintegration, to carry out the
assignment of making safe the foundations of European culture.
In order to establish these principles in treaty form,
they have named as plenipotentiaries, the German Reich Chancellor, the
Minister of Foreign Affairs, von Ribbentrop, His Majesty the King of
Italy and Albania, Emperor of Ethiopia, the Minister of Foreign
Count Galeazzo Ciano, who, after the exchange of proper credentials,
have agreed upon the following terms:
ARTICLE I. The Contracting Parties will remain in
permanent contact with each other, in order to come to an understanding
of all common interests or the European situation as a whole.
ARTICLE II. In the event that the common interests of
the Contracting Parties be jeopardized through international happenings
of any kind, they will immediately enter into consultation regarding
the necessary measures to preserve these interests.
Should the security or other vital interests of one of the Contracting
Parties be threatened from outside, the other Contracting Party will
afford the threatened Party its full political and diplomatic support
order to remove this threat.
ARTICLE III. If it should happen, against the wishes
hopes of the Contracting Parties, that one of them becomes involved in
military complications with another tower or other Powers, the other
Contracting Party will immediately step to its side as an ally and will
support it with all its military might on land, at sea, and in the air.
ARTICLE IV. In order to ensure, in any given case, the
rapid implementation of the alliance obligations of Article III, the
Governments of the two Contracting Parties will further intensify their
cooperation in the military sphere and the sphere of war economy.
Similarly the two Governments will keep each other regularly informed
of other measures necessary for the practical implementation of this
The two Governments will create standing commissions, under the
direction of the Foreign Ministers, for the purposes indicated in
paragraphs 1 and 2.
ARTICLE V. The Contracting Parties already at this
bind themselves, in the event of a jointly waged war, to conclude any
armistice or peace only in full agreement with each other.
ARTICLE VI. The two Contracting Parties are aware of
importance of their joint relations to the Powers which are friendly to
them. They are determined to maintain these relations in future and to
promote the adequate development of the common interests which bind
to these Powers.
ARTICLE VII. This pact comes into force immediately
its signing. The two Contracting Parties are agreed upon fixing the
first period of its validity at ten years. In good time before the
elapse of this period they will come to an agreement regarding the
extension of the validity of the pact.
||Joachim von Ribbentrop
Berlin 22 May 1939 in the XVII year of the Fascist
| On signing the friendship and alliance pact, agreement
has been established by both parties on the following points:
- The two Foreign Ministers will as quickly as possible
come to an agreement on the organization, the seat, and the methods of
work on the pact of the commissions on military questions and questions
of war economy as stipulated in Article IV of the pact.
- For the execution of Article IV, par. 2, the two
Foreign Ministers will as quickly as possible arrange the necessary
measures, guaranteeing a constant cooperation, conforming to the spirit
and aims of the pact, in matters of the press, the news service and the
- For this purpose in particular, each of the two
Ministers will assign to the embassy of his country in the respective
capital one or several especially well-experienced specialists, for
constant discussion in direct close cooperation with the resp. Ministry
of Foreign Affairs, of the suitable steps to be taken in matters of the
press, the news service and the propaganda for the promotion of the
policy of the Axis, and as a countermeasure against the policy of the