| The morning of December 2 was dull and grey. It had
suddenly turned cold. Gusts of wind were swirling the yellow leaves
round the park. At the entrance to the main building of the Soviet
Embassy stood three military jeeps. American detectives were scurrying
around, their jackets bulging with the automatic pistols hidden under
their arms. Everything was ready for the departure of the President of
the United States.
It has been agreed at first that the conference would have lasted till
the end of December 2nd. But snow which had suddenly fallen in the
mountains had caused a sharp worsening of the weather conditions and
Roosevelt was forced to depart ahead of time. Late in the evening of
December 1st the final declaration was hastily agreed upon. There was
no time for typing clean copies of its text in Russian and English or
for an official ceremony of its signing. The signatures to this
document had to be collected rather in the fashion of an enquiry. Each
of the main conference participants hastily put his visa. We were left
with a fairly crumpled sheet of paper with the signatures done in
pencil. The external appearance of the paper did not correspond to the
solemn content of this document, soon to become world famous as the
Teheran Declaration of the Three Powers. Here is what it said:
"We - the President of the United States, the Prime Minister of Great
Britain, and the Premier of the Soviet Union, have met
these four days past, in this, the capital of our ally, Iran, and have
shaped and confirmed our common policy.
We express our determination that our nations shall work together in
war and in the peace that will follow.
As to war - our military staffs have joined in our round table
discussions, and we have concerted our plans for the destruction
of the German forces. We have reached complete agreement as to the
scope and timing of the operations which will be under-taken
from the East, West and South.
The common understanding which we have here reached guarantees that
victory will be ours.
And as to peace - we are sure that our concord will make it an enduring
peace. We recognise fully the supreme responsibility
resting upon us and all the United Nations, to make a peace which will
command the good will of the overwhelming mass of the
peoples of the world, and banish the scourge and terror of war for many
With our diplomatic advisers we have surveyed the problems of the
future. We shall seek the co-operation, and the active
participation of all nations, large and small, whose peoples in heart
and mind are dedicated, as are our own peoples, to the
elimination of tyranny and slavery, oppression and intolerance. We will
welcome them, as they may choose to come, into a world
family of democratic nations.
No power on earth can prevent our destroying the German armies by land,
their U-boats by sea, and their war planes from the air.
Our attack will be relentless and increasing.
Emerging from these friendly conferences we look with confidence to the
day when all peoples of the world may live free lives,
untouched by tyranny, and according to their varying desires and their
We came here with hope and determination. We leave here, friends in
fact, in spirit and in purpose.
on December 1, 1943